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Daily Archives: June 8, 2018

Nigeria Food Security Outlook Update May 2018 – Nigeria

Nigeria Food Security Outlook Update May 2018 – Nigeria

Over 100,000 additional displaced people registered in the northeast given that February

KEY MESSAGES

– As of April 2018, an approximated 1.88 million individuals are displaced in the northeast, consisting of in Borno, Yobe, Adamawa, Bauchi, Gombe, and Taraba States. This represents an increase of almost 100,000 people from the previous round of estimates in February. In Benue and Nasarawa States, price quotes show that roughly 300,000 people have been displaced due to dispute between pastoralists and farmers. Most of the displaced are greatly dependent on support, as market interruptions, restricted off-season activities, and above-average staple rates have severely limited the coping choices for displaced households.

– Humanitarian actors have reached a regular monthly average of 2.25 million individuals with food assistance in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa States because March 2017, including 2.58 million individuals reached in April 2018. In spite of the increasing population of displaced households in both Adamawa and Yobe States, food help in these states decreased by 29 percent and 10 percent, respectively, between March and April 2018, primarily due to moneying restraints.

– Most families in central and northern Borno, southern Yobe, and northern Adamawa States who have been impacted by the conflict continue to depend upon humanitarian support for minimal food access and are dealing with Crisis (IPC Phase 3!), while others who are not able to gain access to support are dealing with Emergency situation (IPC Phase 4) results. Other families in these locations have access to both income-earning chances and working markets and stay in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Populations less impacted by the conflict throughout the 3 states are Worried (IPC Phase 2). Substantial locations within these areas remain unattainable to humanitarian stars, and it is likely that outcomes are comparable or worse than in adjoining available locations.

– Family food stocks and market supplies continue to diminish towards the beginning of the common lean season across the country. However, other than for in the northeast, most poor homes are depending partly by themselves production, market purchases, and labor work to preserve typical access to income and food. Costs for most staple foods are presently lower than in 2015, but remain above average. Many bad homes beyond the northeast have the ability to satisfy fundamental food needs and are in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.

Source

http://food.einnews.com/article/449797483/7eiJ7Lnk01ndFE6n?ref=rss&ecode=vEN5iKJhZV-LzSYh

Activists point to decline of budget allocated to food security

Activists point to decline of budget allocated to food security

Activists in Rwanda have raised concerns over the nationwide budget plan allocated to food security and nutrition that has actually been decreasing over the 5 past years, stating that there is need for more public and personal investment in food security for long terms turns.The observation was made after food security and nutrition budget plan analysis was carried on allowances for the last 5 years, from 2013/2014 to 2017/2018. This, they state, could have resulted in difficulties in suppressing stunting and poor nutrition, with a 2014/15 study showing that stunting levels stood at 38 percent, while underweight was at 9 per cent.Eugene Rwibasira, the Executive Secretary of Rwanda Development Organization, however,

stated that the existing monetary allotments is too little to fulfill the Vision 2020 target of 15 per cent. “Regardless of these worrying levels of public expenses on nutrition, related interventions

have actually remained extremely low comparing to the required target achievement under Vision 2020,” he said”Although the entire national spending plan increased from Rwf1, 677,693,583,398 in 2013/14 to Rwf2, 094,910,480,545 in 2017/18, the portion share for food security has been decreasing,”he said.He said that the spending plan designated to food security and nutrition was 7.58 percent of the overall budget plan of Rwf1, 677,693,583,398 in 2014/15 and it

declined to 7.3 per cent in 2015/16. The percent once again dropped to 7.2 percent in 2016/17 and to 6.92 per cent in 2017/2018 according to analysis. “We recommend more financial investment in food security

and nutrition as a stimulant for long term returns. It is imperative for decision makers to increase budget allotment to food security and nutrition. Budget allocation must first target early child advancement that includes pregnant, breast feeding moms, and children less than 5 years,” he said.Investing in early childhood development, he kept in mind, promotes productivity in the economy and society He included that districts ought to increase their spending plan allocations for food security and nutrition with a focus on specific and sensitive

interventions.There need to be collaborated food security and nutrition interventions that are varied to improve on food and nutrition security status in Rwanda, he added.Adeline Ufitinema, the nutrition expert at National Early child hood Development Program(NECDP ), stated:” we can not attain the goals of reducing stunting without promoting for spending plan allocation that is required. We have to increase the financial investment.” Jean Claude Kabano, the Agricultural Policy Expert at the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, stated that under the brand-new tactical plan, there will be engagement of many stakeholders to purchase food security interventions. “We have to increase collaboration and share knowledge about the needed interventions and financial investment to increase wealth of the people

. We have actually started mapping all stakeholders so that we likewise avoid duplication of efforts amongst them. We truly need the participation of NGOs and economic sector too,”he noted.The research study on the cost of Hunger in Africa( COHA )2013, which was an African

Union Commission(AUC) led initiative, revealed the social and financial influence on African countries and in East African region nations’GDP that result from kids under-nutrition. It revealed that in Rwanda, 21.9 per cent of kid mortality, and 13.5 percent of school repeating are associated with stunting, while 49 percent of working age population struggled with stunting as kids which, together with other issues brought on by hunger, set off a 13.5 percent loss of GDP.Overall in Africa, the annual expense associated with malnourished children are estimated at between 1.9 per cent and 16.5 per cent of

GDP.Experts state that when$1 is purchased in nutrition, it yields $16 in returns.

Source

http://www.newtimes.co.rw/business/activists-point-decline-budget-allocated-food-security

Ever National Food Security Policy introduced

Ever National Food Security Policy introduced

ISLAMABAD, May 29 (APP):Minister for National Food Security and Research, Sikandar Hayat Khan Bosan Tuesday launched the first ever National Food Security Policy framework to provide a mechanism to address all four components of food security including food availability, accessibility, utilization and stability.
The policy envisages to achieve its objectives through alleviation of poverty, promotion of sustainable food production systems-by achieving an average growth rate of 4% per annum, and making agriculture more productive, profitable, climate resilient, and competitive.
“Food availability will be ensured through increase in production of food items,” the Minister said while addressing a press conference here.
He said a national food security council is being set up under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister with the chief ministers and representatives from relevant government agencies to review the state of food security and take appropriate policy measures.
“The comprehensive strategy and action plan for addressing the food security issues in collaboration with national and international partners are also being deliberated at the ministry of national food security and research”, he added.
Mr Bosan pointed out that measures will be taken to improve farmers’ access to quality inputs such as seed, fertilizers, pesticides, credit etc.
Furthermore, he said improved farm techniques Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) will also be promoted and issues like land and water management will also be addressed.
He said the government had also formulated and formally launched the first ever water policy, which became especially important in the wake of climate change and water shortages.
According to the policy framework, research will also be one of priority areas to address the emerging challenges of climate change, water stress, pests and diseases and other challenges.
Under the policy framework, federal and provincial governments would collaborate to harness best utilization of available resources to modernize agricultural production and improve accessibility of the people to food.
The accessibility of the food will be increased through market support initiatives and for a marginalized group of the society will be addressed by launching programs like national zero hunger program.
Food utilization aspect will be covered through food safety measures while food stability will be handled by providing quality production and trade, emergencies and disaster management, innovation and knowledge disseminating and policy support.
“Three significant aspects hampering the improvement in production of agriculture including development of resistant crop varieties, provision of quality seed and high input cost, the government has already undertaken various measures including promulgation of Plant Breeders’ Right Act, 2016, promulgation of Seed (amendment) Act 2015, and abolishing subsidy on fertilizer,” Sikandar Hayat Bosan added.
The minister said that during previous few years, the food crop availability had remained in surplus and most of the crops are being exported.
He informed that Pakistan was producing seven million ton of rice out of which over three million tons of rice were being exported. Similarly, he said potatoes and onions are also in surplus and the surplus crop is being sent to Central Asian and Middle Eastern Countries.
Responding to a question, the minister said that currently there was acute water shortage in the country and stressed the need to develop national consensus on building big water reservoirs to ensure water availability for human and agriculture uses.
He said that his ministry was specially focusing on the efficient use of irrigation system to ensure non wastage of water.
To another question, Bosan said Sugar Control Act was a provincial subject which needs to be reviewed and enforced to ensure that no sugar industry is built in the cotton growing areas.
In this regard, he said he always voiced against the sugar mafia at various forums.
Regarding provision of relief to farmers during last five years, the minister said he made it possible to reduce the cost of production for agriculture produces by lowering price of Urea fertilizer from Rs 1800 per bag to Rs 1400 per bag now, reducing the prices of pesticides and slashing tax duties on tractors and machineries from 17 percent to 5 percent.

The post First ever National Food Security Policy launched appeared first on Associated Press Of Pakistan.

Source

http://www.app.com.pk/first-ever-national-food-security-policy-launched/

VIDEO: B.C. couple paddling across Canada for food security

VIDEO: B.C. couple paddling across Canada for food security

Carol VandenEngel and Glenn Green are paddling across Canada to assist you eat your vegetables.The set are promoting the food security charity Loving Spoonful by canoeing from Vancouver to their hometown of Kingston, Ont. Their journey consisted of a rest stop in Nelson previously this week.Green stated Loving Spoonful, which is also based in Kingston, teaches how to grow and gather food along with prepare meals. “In Kingston which area of Ontario, individuals don’t have access to healthy, fresh food

,”he stated.”Whether it be movement problems or it’s a disease that they have or lack of skills that aren’t present. Everybody needs to can consume healthy food. It is costly to eat healthy food, but by growing food, learning ways to harvest the food and preparing meals from it, that’s a method to suppress that. “In 2015 they paddled the first leg from Ottawa to Sydney, N.S., and started this year’s trip on May 5 with the hope they’ll be done by October.Their path sticks near the Canada-U.S. border till Alberta where they begin moving north. Then in Manitoba they turn south when more on a route that ultimately takes them throughout Lake Superior towards Ottawa and Kingston.VandenEngel said they have been canoeing recreationally for 15-to-20 years, and that it made sense to get back in the water for exactly what will be a journey of 8,515 kilometres.”

We really want the outdoors, “said VandenEngel.”We have actually travelled abroad rather a bit and believed let’s see our own beautiful nation and what better way from the canoe. We have actually been canoeing and seeing the water ways and it’s incredible.”To follow VandenEngel and Green’s journey or make a donation to Loving Spoonful, visit.< a href=https://www.nelsonstar.com/home/column-lets-have-national-local-food-day/ target =_ blank > COLUMN: Let’s have a National Resident Food Day Kim Charlesworth is 2017 Person of the Year Coast-to-coast canoeist paddles through Nelson tyler.harper@nelsonstar.com!.?.!Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter

Food security in Cambodia faces threat due to hydropower

Food security in Cambodia faces threat due to hydropower

May 31 (UPI)– New dams for hydroelectricity are modifying Cambodia’s Mekong River, and could threaten fish migration, incomes and regional food security– and the foreseeable seasonal patterns that farmers and anglers depend on.A brand-new paper from the University of Illinois and Iowa State University, released this month in the Journal of Soil and Water Preservation, recommends officials partner with locals, who have a deep understanding of the river, to resolve the problem. Their understanding, along with technical and scientific findings, is necessary for developing effective methods to adapt to the changing flows and uses of the river.

“Due to years of civil wars that damaged infrastructure and hindered modernization, just a bit majority of the Cambodian population has access to electrical energy,” Kenneth Olson, professor emeritus in the Department of natural Resources and Environmental Science at UI, said in a press release. “Hydropower is a critical structure block for needed modernization. Utilizing the water resources for power provides tough trade-offs for fishers and farmers.”

The Mekong River and the Tonle Sap Lake and River location dominate the Cambodian landscape. The Tonle Sap River is a tributary of the Mekong River, which links it with Tonle Sap Lake northwest of Phnom Penh, Cambodia’s capital.

“This special, complicated hydrological system is highly influenced by the Asian monsoon,” Olson wrote. “During the monsoon season, the Tonle Sap Lake area expands to become 4 times higher than in the dry season and hold nine times more water by volume. The surface area water level can change by more than 30 feet, so homes are either in floating villages or on stilts.”

The phenomenon occurs due to the fact that of the seasonal flooding that begins in May and June, which causes the Mekong River to support into the Tonle Sap River and Lake. When the rain stops in November and water levels in the Mekong River start to drop, stream in the Tonle Sap River reverses and becomes a tributary once again. That means the smaller sized river flows northwest into the lake for 6 months from the year, and reverses and flows into the Mekong River for the other six months.The flooding brings required sediments and nutrients for crops and fishing. But the sedimentation increase can likewise close down dry-season navigation in between the capital and regional centers due to the fact that it makes the already-shallow lake a lot more shallow over time.There are plans to construct 11 more dams on the main stem of the

lower Mekong River. River ecology scientists and environmentalists are worried, however, about how the dams will affect the historically predictable downstream circulations and seasonal flood patterns, which birds, fish and plant communities have adjusted to over time.Fish migration is the most significant issue, since of Cambodia’s dependence on fish for top quality protein and food security, and one of the dams under building and construction will block fish migration and might flood houses behind it.”The tradeoffs among hydroelectricity production, food security, and fisheries’livelihoods are hard and intricate, and establishing an integrated resource management plan is not an easy task, “Olson stated.”Broad participatory approaches that include local citizens in the scientific and technical info exchanges can enhance decision-making and better fulfill government, industry, and rural communities ‘goals.”Fishers and farmers can keep adjusting if they’re given opportunity, resources and tools, he stated. The concerns do not only impact Cambodia, though– they impact the food security of metropolitan individuals throughout Southeast Asia.

Source

https://www.upi.com/Science_News/2018/05/31/Food-security-in-Cambodia-faces-threat-due-to-hydropower/8901527795724/?utm_source=fp&utm_campaign=ts_sn&utm_medium=17

Somaliland:IFRC Sponsors Government initiative to boost Food Security in the Country

Somaliland:IFRC Sponsors Government initiative to boost Food Security in the Country

Somaliland: IFRC Sponsors Federal government initiative to improve Food Security in the Nation

written by

MGoth The worldwide Federation Red Cross and Crescent in conjunction with Ministry of Agricultural Development and Somaliland National Catastrophe preparedness and Food reserve today introduced a new initiative to cultivate countless hectares in Wajaale district, in Gabiley region, as part of a plan to renew food production in the country.Mr.

Feisal Ali Sheik, the director of Somaliland nationwide catastrophe preparedness and food reserve together with Mr. Ahmed Abdi Bakaal, head of Somaliland red crescent and cross and representatives of international Federation Red Cross and Crescent today toured the Wajaale plain to inspected the continuous cultivation of thousands of hectares which is funded IFRC.Mr.

Feisal Ali Sheik, the director of Somaliland nationwide catastrophe preparedness and food reserve examining the ongoing work said, “I would like to thank the Somaliland red crescent and cross societies and international Federation Red Cross and Crescent for sponsoring initiative to cultivate thousands of hectares in Wajaale district, in Gabiley region (1500 hours) to make the country self-sufficient in as far as compound agricultural farming is concerned, whatever the produce will go to the nationwide food reserve.

Mr. Ahmed Abdi Bakaal, head of Somaliland red crescent and cross societies stated, “The worldwide Federation Red Cross and Crescent through the ministry of agricultural development and Somaliland National Disaster readiness and Food reserve has offered the funds 1500 hours of growing as part of methods of increasing the farming production in the nation, specifically in subsistence farming.According to IFRC representative speaking at the place stated,” In regard to this project, we understand there are many challenges when it comes to food security in Somaliland and I believe this government effort to attempt address a few of the root courses to offer a stock which will support the most vulnerable individuals ins Somaliland is an extremely important one.

Source

http://food.einnews.com/article/449810242/8ZNSPbfZMNVFU_X5?ref=rss&ecode=vEN5iKJhZV-LzSYh

Whitehorse company pitches off-grid hydroponics to improve Northern food security

Whitehorse company pitches off-grid hydroponics to improve Northern food security

A Whitehorse solar energy company is expanding its business to included hydroponic farming.

Solvest Inc. has partnered with Cropbox, an American company that refurbishes shipping containers to grow produce.

Solvest is taking the product a step further by revamping the containers with cold-weather modifications in order to grow fresh produce in Northern climates.

“What we’ve discovered [in] the more remote Northern communities that we work in when we are trying to help them with their energy needs is … a profound problem with food security and food supply,” said Ben Power, Solvest vice president and co-founder.

Each refrigerated container is outfitted with plastic pipe shelving that holds growing trays. Pipes pump nutrient rich water into the trays so no soil is needed to grow produce. LED lighting replaces sunlight.

A container now on the Solvest compound is for demonstration only, and not equipped with the features needed to grow produce in temperatures as cold as –50 C. The company is monitoring the container’s energy consumption without arctic features to compare to the energy it will use once the features are added in the fall.

Cold weather features would include an arctic entrance to protect plants from frigid outside temperatures, and an extra layer of insulation.

Ben Power, Solvest Inc. vice president and co-founder, believes the modified Cropbox’s will help fill a gap in Northern food security. (CBC/ Jackie McKay)

According to Power, the containers require as much energy in one day as would power up to four homes.

Solvest has created a second container to power the Cropbox off-grid using a combination of solar panels, batteries and diesel fuel.

“That allows a remote diesel community to operate this … and not stress the local grid,” said Power. “If you don’t have that power box in a remote setting you may be solving one problem of food security and adding to another problem of diesel consumption in a community.”

Economic benefit to be determined

The container grows 2,700 plants cultivating about 400 heads of lettuce a week.

“It would feed a small community in the north,” said Sabrina Clarke, Solvest’s Cropbox operator.

The unit has yet to be tested in a Northern winter.

The Kluane Lake Research Station, 60 kilometres north of Haines Junction, Yukon, has applied for grants to field test a unit this winter.

The unit is hydroponic meaning the plants grow in nutrient infused water instead of soil. (CBC/ Jackie McKay)

Researchers will work with the Kluane First Nation and Champagne-Aishihik First Nation to create a public report on the Cropbox’s suitability for use in the region, including a cost-benefit analysis.

“What does a head of lettuce that comes out of the container cost? What does it cost in comparison to what you can buy in Whitehorse?” asked Henry Penn, a researcher with the station.

Solvest’s Cropbox was partly funded with $24,000 from Cold Climate Innovation at Yukon College.

A Cropbox with the arctic insulation package costs $150,000 before shipping. The external power box raises the cost to about $400,000.

“This is technology that can make a huge difference for food security,” said Eoin Sheridan, project officer with Cold Climate Innovation.  

“On the cautionary side, it’s not something that people want to jump into without doing their due diligence ensuring they have a market for the food and will be able to utilize the amount they produce.”

The container grows up to 2,700 plants at a time. (CBC/Jackie McKay)

Sheridan said similar growing systems have been successful in Alaska and are likely to benefit the Yukon as well.

“There is a huge number of different aspects to Northern food security, this alone [isn’t] a one size fits all solution but it’s definitely part of a broader solution,” Sheridan said.  

Source

http://food.einnews.com/article/449675991/l9Vy6GUbxw8sYJQu?ref=rss&ecode=vEN5iKJhZV-LzSYh

Report: Ghana Requirements Food Security Advisory Board to Overcome Hunger

Former President John Agyekum Kufuor

Accra, Ghana, May 30, 2018//-A new report has called for the setting up of a food security and nutrition advisory board at the Office of the President to over the challenges of  hunger and malnutrition in Ghana.

The report titled- ‘Addressing Sustainable Development Goal 2: The Ghana Zero Hunger Strategic Review’ said: “Comprehensive action is required to overcome these challenges, hence the recommendation for a food security and nutrition advisory board at the Office of the President to embed this as a cornerstone of national development”.

It argued that ending hunger and malnutrition cannot be achieved without a holistic approach that hinges on improvements in agriculture, and other sectors including nutrition, health, water, sanitation and hygiene, gender and social protection that directly or indirectly affect food and nutrition.

The report noted: “Everyone living in Ghana can have adequate and nutritious food throughout the year, if there is a stronger integration between the pillars that affect food security and nutrition, under the leadership of the government”.

“Eliminating hunger and malnutrition forms the basis of achieving other development goals and therefore we are committed to implementing the clearly thought out actions identified in the roadmap of this Strategic Review,” Prof. George Gyan-Baffour, Minister for Planning added at the report launch in Accra.

The report highlighted the need for the production and consumption of foods which are rich in nutrients. Apart from the increase in the production of maize, there has been a decline in production of traditional nutritious staple foods such as sorghum, millet, groundnuts and cowpeas over the past decade.

“As we seek to achieve zero hunger in our country, we should always remember that food production must be nutrition-sensitive,” said H.E John Agyekum Kufuor, Ghana’s former President and the lead convenor of the Zero Hunger Review.

“It is more important for food to nourish the body than simply fill the stomach.”

The Zero Hunger Strategic Review is an independent, analytical and consultative exercise which the World Food Programme (WFP) has initiated globally, to identify the key challenges to achieving zero hunger in countries where it works.

“We are using this review as the basis for WFP’s five-year country strategic plan in Ghana which is built to support the government’s excellent flagship programmes and agricultural policies,” said Abdou Dieng, WFP Regional Director for West and Central Africa.

“In the new programme, we will work more closely with the private sector to reduce post-harvest losses and malnutrition using a market-based approach which will be self-sustaining. “

Despite significant reductions in food insecurity since the 1990s, hunger and malnutrition remain a real concern in parts of Ghana, especially in the northern regions and among rural and peri-urban communities.

The Zero Hunger Strategic Review in Ghana was undertaken by a research team from the University of Ghana, University for Development Studies and the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Former President, H.E. John Agyekum Kufuor is the lead convenor of the process facilitated by the John A. Kufuor Foundation.

 African Eye Report

The post Report: Ghana Needs Food Security Advisory Board to Overcome Hunger appeared first on African Eye Report.

Source

https://africaneyereport.com/report-ghana-needs-food-security-advisory-board-to-overcome-hunger/