The Federal Government’s transfer to reopen the existing grazing reserves targeted at ending the unabated farmers-herdsmen’s clashes across the nation is an action that will increase food production and security in Nigeria. TAIWO HASSAN reports
Since the statement by the Federal Government of its objective to establish grazing reserves in Nigeria, unpredictability has actually continued to trail the plan and this has actually led to farmersherdsmen clashes across the country. The crisis has brought about negative economic losses to agriculture.Basically, the grazing reserves in Nigeria are locations set aside for the use of pastoralists and are planned to be the foci of livestock advancement. The purpose of grazing reserves is the settlement of nomadic pastoralists.They deal security of tenure as an inducement to
sedentarization through the arrangement of land for grazing and irreversible water. However, the reality on ground has shown that numerous States in the nation are against the federal government’s decision to establish grazing reserves in their areas due to the fact that of the common clashes, including hatred between the farmers and ranchers in farm grazing activities.Concept of grazing reserve A grazing reserve is a piece of land that federal government acquires, develops and releases to the pastoral Fulani. The state and regional federal governments have gazetted and obtained grazing land differing from 50 to 100 hectares.The Federal Government shoulders 70 per cent of the burden of developing the grazing reserves, 20 percent for state governments, while the left over of 10 percent is for the
regional government.The Hurumi system(farm grazing)is meant to encourage investment in the land and to guarantee that the land is conserved. Controlled grazing that limits the number of animals entering a grazing land causes efficient rangeland management.Under the Hurumi system, federal government offers each settler on the reserve a piece of land. Depending upon the herd size and the bring capability of the land, the inhabitant pays a yearly lease to government.
In the rainy-season, the reserve opens to the animals and closes in the dryseason when animals need to go on vacation pasture.Pastoralist must likewise adapt to the seasonal and spatial tenurial plans. Throughout severe lacks of feed, government opens the communal grazing locations to the distressed herds.Livestock owners should use to the Task Workplace for a grazing authorization. The pastoralists need to likewise consent to follow the government’s guidelines for stocking rate. The 10 hectares per rounding up system is apportioned as follows: four hectares for grazing, 2 for settlement, two for farming of legumes and 2 for fallow.Aims of the grazing reserves The objectives of grazing reserves include getting and safeguarding pasture-space for the nationwide herds, and getting rid of discord between agronomists and pastoralists living in the same geographic area.By separating the herders from the growers, the federal government hopes to foster tranquil coexistence
in between them by making the grazing reserve
a zone of no-conflict. Improving land usage and herd management, offering social welfare features to the Fulani, and increasing national earnings are critical in grazing reserve advancement in Nigeria.The federal government hopes the grazing reserves will become the center of agro-pastoral developments, a guarantor of land security, a nucleus for nomadic Fulani settlement, a precinct for crop/livestock systems integration, and a location for small rather than massive holder-oriented production.According to agric experts, some of the gains from the grazing reserves include easing seasonal migration, improving the quality of herds, multiplying outlet for bovine product, and improving access to extension and social services. The grazing reserve likewise motivates the uniform implementation of the cattle.In order to strengthen its severity with the farm grazing plan, the Federal government began lands acquisition in the currently recognized states of the federation. Speaking at the 2017 World Food Day in Abuja, the Minister of Farming and Rural Advancement, Chief Audu Ogbeh, stated that the government had secured 55,000 hectares of land from 11 states for the development of pasture and paddocks grazing reserve in the country.The minister said that the government had actually also acquired exotic lawn seedlings to boost paddock fodder package, boost domestic beef and milk output in a sedentary grazing reserve set up.He stated that the ministry had likewise trained animal skin collectors, butchers, hides and skin inspectors on standard techniques of slaughtering to ensure supply of quality hides and skins and at acceptable requirements.”Let me notify you that our main focus in the farming
sector is to guarantee a virile foundation and accredited seed regrowth system and develop product market corporations,”the minster said.” It is likewise to enhance the National Grazing Reserve Programme, fund extension services at all levels, resuscitate existing farming development tasks and re-position the existing agro-processing centers in the nation. “Grazing plan consolidation Regardless of the looming crisis in the farmers-herdsmen clashes amid the creation of grazing reserve, the Federal government, not hinder with the criticism, mentioned that the programme is the best service to solving the farmers-herdsmen clashes in the nation.
Following the encroachment of some grazing reserves, Ogbeh stated that the Federal government will provide about three million hectares of land for cattle grazing in the country.According to him, the accessibility of the lands will stop the unabated farmers-herdsmen clashes across the country”We
have to get it arranged out and we are starting operate in another week or more– to reopen the old grazing reserves,”he said.”At a time, at the end of the first republic, there were 415 of them, even as far down as the South West and South East.”Today, they have been trespassed upon (however)we still have three million hectares offered for cattle grazing reserves that are more than the livestock Nigeria requires.”The issue is that for many years, we forgot that these ranchers were going to end up being a problem later in life and, particularly, this brand-new mindset by herdsmen that when they enter your farm, they should be complimentary to eat your crops and you have no right to challenge them.” That is a new phenomenon, which we find incredibly troubling that when they do so, and you complain, they can shoot you. “That was not a lot of years back, which is why we just have to handle the matter now. But the final message to Nigerians is that we have no choice however to produce sufficient food to feed ourselves so that the typical family does not spend
more than 20 percent of its revenues buying food.”As it is, individuals invest about 60 per cent on food. It is too pricey and it is not sustainable.”With the look of things, there is no doubt farm grazing has come to remain in Nigeria based on the findings that grazing land and stock-routes top the list of Fulani’s needs from any government who is looking for the votes of Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria.
Players, policies, and programs in all parts of the food system are working to advance sustainability and food security for all. Botanical gardens have not traditionally been considered key players in the agri-food network, but their role as educators, plant conservation experts, and research allies is making them increasingly important for amplifying replicable and scalable agri-food practices.
While both of us have been involved in food security and sovereignty for many years, until 2017, we had never had the chance to meet, let alone collaborate, despite being at the same university. This may be an indication of the way in which the discourse and associated research around food security and sovereignty are divided between those who emphasize political-economic and social justice issues and those who focus on environmental sustainability and biodiversity.
We were brought together through a project funded by the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 initiative, which brings together botanical gardens, mostly from Europe, to promote “responsible research and innovation” in the domain of food security. Going by the moniker Big Picnic, the project’s goal is to create value from knowledge and engage the public through exhibitions, constructive dialogue, and other interactive learning activities. These include science cafés and facilitating participation in international events such as the Botanic Gardens Conservation International’s 6th Global Botanic Gardens Congress, held in Geneva last summer. Given the explicit importance of food security in the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) adopted in 2015, the project’s work is an important program to engage the public in global challenges of food security and biodiversity.
Mainstreaming agro-ecology and biodiversity across agriculture, fisheries, and forestry is gaining momentum and international support. For example, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) recently announced a multi-stakeholder dialogue at FAO headquarters in Rome from May 29 to 31, 2018. The dialogue will bring together stakeholders from across sectors with the goal of integrating actions for conservation, sustainable use, and management and restoration of biological diversity across agricultural sectors.
Last summer, one of us (Gisèle) was invited to become a member of the International Consolidation Group (an advisory committee) for Big Picnic, which prompted her to reach out to the other (Tara), who is Associate Director of the University of British Columbia’s Botanical Garden. The interaction between the two of us has been a revelation of how those of us in the food movement needs to work more intentionally and effectively to connect the dots between communities of activists, researchers, and educators who might be seen as fellow travelers, aiming toward the goal of healthy food for all within a framework of long-term environmental, economic, cultural, and social sustainability.
The University of British Columbia’s Botanical Garden features Vancouver’s oldest food demonstration garden. It has an extensive research and education program on agri-food issues, including involvement in an exciting new international initiative on crop wild relatives that focuses on the genetic conservation of the wild relatives of domesticated plants. The garden was selected as a U.N. 2017 Feed Your City food garden recipient, and it collaborates with the American Public Gardens Association to lead the Food and Agriculture Community—a forum where garden professionals can explore and collaborate on the myriad aspects of food systems change.
Many players have approached questions of food, agriculture, and nutrition through the lens of political economy and, to a certain extent, broader issues of well-being and sustainability. Themes of entitlement, access, and ecological footprints tend to dominate food-related discourse and are, of course, central but not the only issues. The Big Picnic project helps shed light on questions of plant biodiversity as a cornerstone of food security and the role that botanical gardens can and do play in terms of promoting the diversity of both wild and domesticated plants, particularly given the importance of a plant-based diet for present and future food security.
Take the Balkan Botanic Garden of Kroussia (BBGK) in Greece. Founder and curator Dr. Eleni Maloupa, an agronomist and plant scientist, noticed a number of years ago that there were a dwindling variety of medicinal, aromatic, and traditional food plants in the nurseries of Thessaloniki. Her goal in creating the BBGK was to protect and conserve these species and varieties at risk in the region and reintroduce them back into use in a sustainable manner.
Botanical gardens, institutions with both a research and educational mandate, have a key role to play in conserving genetic resources, such as heirloom varieties, in the public interest in a world where private control and ownership of genetic resources and associated intellectual property becomes a growing issue. Many in grassroots agri-food movements would take comfort in the idea of publicly funded botanical gardens taking a leadership role in the stewardship of plant genetic resources as opposed to privately controlled interests. And while botanical gardens were (at their origins in the 19th century) conceived as élite, bourgeois institutions, they now strive to be more connected to grassroots movements through inclusive public engagement and education programs.
Reaching out to and collaborating with botanical gardens provides the global food movement opportunities to broaden the network of stakeholders in the exciting and growing world of progressive agri-food policy. With more than 500 botanical gardens in 96 countries, these institutions are uniquely positioned to support the food security movement through their global, national, regional, and local plant conservation efforts.
And botanical gardens are actively involved in encouraging and supporting new entrants into horticulture, agriculture, and biodiversity through their programs, events, and collections. While feeding the world of today and the future clearly depends on redistribution of resources and reduced food waste—among other measures—it is also predicated on plant biodiversity and related issues, such as pollination. Botanical gardens have a key role to play as sites for advancing food-related conservation, education, and research.
The post Botanical Gardens: Allies in Food Security and Nutrition appeared first on Food Tank.
General News of Thursday, 7 June 2018
The minister repeated federal government’s dedication to realizing SDG 2
Deputy Minister of Resident Federal Government and Rural Advancement in charge of Rural Economic Advancement and Agriculture, Collins Ntim, has identified government’s medium- to long-lasting policies on farming to the Director General of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), José Graziano da Silva.He did that at the 159th FAO council meeting at the FAO Headquarters in Rome, on 6 June 2018.
Mr Ntim stated Ghana, over the years, has actually initiated a variety of pro-poor programmes and interventions targeted at reducing cravings and poverty across the nation, and, the first nation on the African continent to achieve the Centuries Development Goal No. 1 in relation to hardship and hunger, where he stated Ghana has decreased the level of its malnourished population from 7 million in the early 1990s to less than one million today.Mr Ntim restated the dedication of the Akufo-Addo federal government to make sure the realisation of Sustainable Development Goal 2, which will assist the country chart a sustainable course to ending cravings, food insecurity, and all kinds of poor nutrition by 2030. Discussing government’s current policies, Mr Ntim stated the Federal government rolled out the Co-ordinated Programme of Economic and Social Development (CPESD) Policy in 2017. The seven-year CPESD Policy (2017-2024) is focused on reforming
Ghana’s farming and market to improve the rural economy.This, he stated, is anticipated to put Ghana on the path to ending all kinds of hardship, hunger and malnutrition.Mr Ntim even more exposed that federal government’s vision is to modernise farming, enhance production effectiveness,
achieve food security, and success for farmers, which are all aimed at considerably boosting agricultural productivity.The standard objective of the policy is to guarantee food self-sufficiency for Ghanaians to be able to feed themselves and wean them off reliance on the importation of foods items that can be grown in the country– hence the mantra,”Ghana Beyond Help.”The deputy minister said, “The District Centre for Farming Commerce and Innovation (DCACT)is another significant unit, which has been established in each district to coordinate and harmonise all commercial, entrepreneurial and farming initiatives to accomplishing viability and sustainability of economic development and job creation at the district level. It will help with and coordinate efforts of department of the assembly in the execution of all flagship program geared to the elimination of hardship and cravings and functions as the practical secretariat of the District Planning and Coordination System(DPCU).”Mr Ntim held a closed-door meeting with Mr José Graziano da Silva who promised his total support and commitment to improve rural financial advancement through farming and more congratulated Mr Ntim for his tough work in the execution of the planting for export and rural advancement program (PERD ).
While data has become the primary fuel for the digital economy, the accuracy of our agriculture data, notably on the production and consumption of food commodities, has always stirred up heated debates every time prices rise and commodities must be imported to stabilize prices.
The Supreme Audit Agency (BPK) last week again raised the broad discrepancy in rice production and consumption data at various government institutions. Policywise, the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) is supposed to be the top institution for gathering and analyzing such data through its national census and socioeconomic surveys.
But two other ministries have often been at odds over the rice data. The Agriculture Ministry tends to overestimate domestic rice production to show off its achievements. Meanwhile, the Trade Ministry, which is responsible for securing smooth distribution and maintaining price stability, tends to immediately blame a stock shortage every time prices have increased and to recommend imports.
Food prices indeed weigh more than 45 percent in the consumer price index.
Take, for example, the data on rice consumption. According to the BPS, Indonesia’s per capita rice consumption was 140 kilograms in 2013, among the highest in Asia. Unfortunately, this data is still used in making policy.
The guiding principles for the food policy, as stipulated in the 2012 Food Law are: (i) ensuring physical and economic access for the entire population to diverse, safe and nutritious foods; (ii) improving farmers’ welfare; (iii) minimizing reliance on imports for core staple foods; and (iv) achieving overall food sovereignty.
Indeed, it is nearly impossible for such a vast archipelagic country with such a huge population to secure full and full-time self-sufficiency in rice. Consumption is steady throughout the year, while rice is produced mostly in Java, where irrigation networks are adequate but where the majority of farmers own less than a hectare of land. Paddy fields outsie Java are mostly rainfed.
The blunt reality, though, is that the growing middleincome urban population in the country, like in other Asian countries, has been undergoing dietary and lifestyle changes toward more protein-rich foods such as fish and meat, as well as fiber-rich fruits and vegetables.
True, as most analysts have forecast, rice will continue to feed the poorest of the poor, and as long as there’s overpopulation and poverty, people are going to eat rice. Rice will still be the single most important crop in the country, the key food in diets and a symbol of Asian culture, but it will not be as dominant in coming years. As their income increases, more people will adopt a diversified diet away from rice, partly because of health concerns.
Hence, the concept of food security should be broadened to include other food commodities such as horticulture, oilseeds, fish and meat, and implemented in agricultural development policies. True, the consumption demand for rice as the main staple of the majority of the 260 million-plus population should be fulfilled, mostly by domestic production, because a too-heavy dependence on imports would make the nation highly vulnerable to supply shocks, due to the small number of rice exporters.
MINNEAPOLIS, May 29, 2018/3BL Media/ –More than 40 million Americans struggle with hunger yet nearly $220 billion dollars of food is thrown away in the U.S. each year.
Thermo King, the leader in transport temperature control solutions for a variety of mobile applications and a brand of Ingersoll Rand, together with the Ingersoll Rand Foundation and Feeding America, recognize the imperative need to close this gap and are pleased to announce a breakthrough social initiative.
The social initiative is called We Move Food™ and its mission is to make it easier and more affordable for Feeding America food banks to safely transport fresh food to families who need it most. By providing funding for mobile food pantries and special pricing on refrigeration products and services, food banks will be able to access food deserts serving some of the hungriest cities in the U.S.
“We have a proud heritage of supporting our customers and their drivers so that they can transport food safely and efficiently to people all across the country and around the world,” said Ray Pittard, president of Thermo King North America, Europe, Middle East and Africa. “Transport refrigeration plays a critical role in eliminating waste and increasing food stability, and we are pleased to leverage our strong Thermo King Dealer network, our employees and the Ingersoll Rand Foundation to make a difference in the nationwide effort to help end hunger.”
We Move Food includes a commitment to volunteerism and community engagement. Ingersoll Rand employees from across the U.S. alongside employees from the Thermo King dealer network, which is nearly 200 strong and located in all major U.S. cities, are volunteering at mobile food pantries and food drives, reclaiming healthy food from retailers and restaurants, and working with the community food banks to make their operations run more efficiently and effectively.
“One in eight people in America may not know where they will find their next meal,” said Karen Hanner, vice president of manufacturing product sourcing at Feeding America. “Feeding America is grateful to Thermo King and its dealer network, and to the Ingersoll Rand Foundation for its commitment to helping children and families who struggle with hunger. This partnership helps us achieve our goal of providing more nutritious meals to people in need by providing assistance with transportation, which can be one of the most challenging bottlenecks in sourcing and distributing food.”
Thermo King and Ingersoll Rand have a national relationship with Feeding America, a nationwide network of 200 food banks and the nation’s leading domestic hunger-relief charity. Ingersoll Rand’s roots are grounded in addressing global trends like food stability, that impact the way that we live, work and move. As part of the company’s commitment to sustainability, it has set and is working toward achieving 2020 sustainability goals including supporting food stability and nutritional education to 200,000 children through signature programs like We Move Food. Ingersoll Rand has exceeded the goal, two years ahead of schedule.
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About Ingersoll Rand and Thermo King
Ingersoll Rand (NYSE:IR) advances the quality of life by creating comfortable, sustainable and efficient environments. Our people and our family of brands — including Club Car®, Ingersoll Rand®, Thermo King® and Trane® — work together to enhance the quality and comfort of air in homes and buildings; transport and protect food and perishables; and increase industrial productivity and efficiency. The Ingersoll Rand charitable foundation centers on social and environmental imperatives that create lasting value and improve our communities globally.
Thermo King Corp. was founded in 1938 and manufactures transport temperature control systems for a variety of mobile applications, including trailers, truck bodies, buses, shipboard containers and railway cars. We are a $14 billion global business committed to a world of sustainable progress and enduring results. For more information, visit or .
The West African Center for Crop Improvement (WACCI) at the University of Ghana has gotten global accreditation from Germany for its postgraduate pr …
Evaluation from World Food Programme, published 23 May 2018